Historial monuments of Hereti
Keywords:Hereti, monuments of material culture, Saingilo, withdrawal from Georgia, Georgian traces
From ancient times, Hereti bordered the Kingdom of Iberia from the east and was inhabited by tribes related to Georgians. From ancient times, there were close ties between the Iberians and the Herians, and the process of cultural-ethnic and political fusion of the Heruri tribes with the Kartl-Kakhels was noticed. Vakhushti Batonishvili has an interesting report on the origin of Hereti, according to him, «Hereti was named after Heros, the son of Targamozi, who divided the five countries of Ese among his brothers and conquered the Saghvari region» (Vakhushti Batonishvili, 1941:86). In the 8th century, the principality of Hereti was established. Its transformation into a kingdom is connected with the name of Gregory of Hammam, who received the title of king in 893. The Kingdom of Hereti was later annexed by the King of Kakheti, Kvirike III, and a unified Kingdom of Kakheti-Hereti was created. In 1104, Davit Agmashenebeli succeeded in the battle of Ernakh and joined Kakheti-Hereti to the united feudal Georgia. The beginning of the 17th century was particularly difficult for Hereti. Shah Abbas I established the Elisu Sultanate on the territory of Hereti, which he handed over to the Georgian Prince Vakhvakhishvili, who converted to Islam, and gave him the Sultanate. From now on, Elisu Sultanate became the main outpost of the fight against Kartli-Kakheti. The settlement and settlement of Leks from the mountain began. The Leks oppressed the Georgians and forced them to accept Islam. In the 19th century, the term «Saingilo» was established. Ingilo means «newly converted» in Turkish, and the Ingilos were called Georgians who converted to Islam. Hereti was permanently removed from Georgia under the leadership of Sergo Orjonikidze and Joseph Stalin on November 15, 1921, based on the agreement between the Soviet Republics of Georgia and Azerbaijan. Today, Heret is part of Azerbaijan and includes Belakani, Zakatali and Kakh regions. Despite being cut off from the motherland, Georgian traces have been preserved in Hereti today, whIt is important for every Georgian to have information about the homeland and the Georgian monuments there. The topic prepared by me also serves this puIn this article, I will touch on some outstanding material-culture monuments of Hereti, including:rpose.ich is expressed by various historical monuments, the majority of which are churches. In this articleSt. George’s Church in Kurmukh, St. Nino’s Church in Alibeglo, Little Alaverdi Church in Kakh, St. Nino’s Monastery Complex in Lekarti, the so-called Great Wall of the Caucasus in Hereti and the Tamar Bridge.
საქართველოს ისტორიის ოთხტომეული - ტომი მეორე
ჭილაშვილი ლ, კახეთის ქალაქები (XIV-XVII ს.ს), გამომცემლობა მეცნიერება, თბილისი 1980
პაპუაშვილი თ., ჰერეთის ისტორიის საკითხები, თბ., 1970
ვახუშტი ბატონიშვილი - აღწერა სამეფოსა საქართველოსა (საქართველოს გეოგრაფია) - თ. ლომოურის და ნ. ბერძენიშვილის რედაქციით - სტალინის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა - თბილისი - 1941.
დ.მუსხელიშვილი-საქართველოს ისტორიული გეოგრაფიის ძირითადი საკითხები II თბ. გამომცემლობა მეცნიერება, თბილისი 1980
ილია ადამია - ძველი ჰერეთის ხუროთმოძღვრული ძეგლები // ძეგლის მეგობარი, 1969 წ. კრ.19