STUDY OF LIPIDS AND SOME BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE COMPOUNDS OF THE FLOWERS SAMBUCUS NIGRA GROWING IN GEORGIA
Keywords:Sambucus Nigra, lipids, biologically active compounds, Georgia
The goal of the research was to study flowers of Sambucus nigra L. for the content of lipids and some biologically active compounds. There was obtained sums of neutral and polar lipids from the investigated object with various percentage yield. There was established the basic classes of lipids in them, was determined some physical – chemical constants of them. By using the gas-chromatographic method analysis in the sum of neutral lipids quantitatively and qualitatively were identified saturated, unsaturated and poly-unsaturated fatty acids with the high percentage content some of them. In the sum of polar lipids qualitatively and quantitatively is established and determined phospholipids. On the basis of research is established some other biologically active compounds in the mentioned object – carotenoids and aminoacids. On the basis of received results the vegetable oil from the flowers of Sambucus nigra L. is rich in biologically active compounds, which gives the opportunity to use it in medical practice.
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