NECESSITY OF PRESERVATION OF THE NATURAL CLIMATE OF TSKHALTUBO (KUMISTAVI) CAVE DURING ITS OPERATION

НЕОБХОДИМОСТЬ СОХРАНЕНИЯ ЕСТЕСТВЕННОГО КЛИМATA ЦХАЛТУБСКОЙ (КУМИСТАВСКОЙ) ПЕЩЕРЫ ПРИ ЕЕ ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИИ

Authors

Abstract

To preserve the natural climate regime in the Tskhaltubo Cave Systems it is necessary to carry out the permanent seasonal meteorological observations on the climatic parameters in the underground area. Which will  ensure the optimum operation of the cave  system.  By means  of mentioned conditions will be to the conservation and this facility. For preservation of the natural regime of air circulation and for preservation of the optimum climate parameters, we consider it is necessary to introduce the following restrictions: during the cold period, the number of visitors should not exceed 7,000 person/season, and. in summer and spring — 2000-2700 person relatively. It is necessary to establish a special research laboratory. During the operation of the cave,  the  following  activities  should  be  carried  out  systematically:  monitoring  the  inside  environment microclimate:  obtaining data on ionization and radioactivity of the air. on gas and bacteriological compositions of the air. on changes in the levels of underground waters according to diurnal and seasonal cycles and the attention should be paid to the prevention of pollution.

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References

ტატაშიძე ზ., ყიფიანი შ., ჯიშკარიანი ჯ., წიქარიშვილი კ. (1992). ახალი ათონის მღვიმის აღმოჩენის 30-ე წლისთავისა და მისი ექსპლუატაციის საკითხისათვის ვახუშტი ბაგრატიონის სახელობის გეოგრაფიის ინსტიტუტის სამეცნიერო სესია, თბილისი, გვ. 12-14.

Jishkariani J., Tatashidze Z., Tsikarishvili K., Lanchava O. (2010). Main Results of Complex Research into the Tskaltubo Cave System. // Bulleten of the Georgian Academi of Sciences. vol. 4, no. 2, p. 92-95.

Ушаков К. 3. И др. (1978). Рудничная аэрология. М.‚ «Недра». 440 с.

Published

2021-02-18

How to Cite

O. Lanchava, & K. Tsikarishvili. (2021). NECESSITY OF PRESERVATION OF THE NATURAL CLIMATE OF TSKHALTUBO (KUMISTAVI) CAVE DURING ITS OPERATION: НЕОБХОДИМОСТЬ СОХРАНЕНИЯ ЕСТЕСТВЕННОГО КЛИМATA ЦХАЛТУБСКОЙ (КУМИСТАВСКОЙ) ПЕЩЕРЫ ПРИ ЕЕ ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИИ. GEORGIAN SCIENTISTS. Retrieved from https://journals.4science.ge/index.php/GS/article/view/306

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Section

Mining Engineering

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