Microclimate of karst caves are formed by the simultaneous process of heat and moisture (mass) exchange in the double-component thermodynamic system of “cave air - environment rock massif”. Cave formations in this case are belonged to the rock massif. The simultaneous heat-mass-transferring process can be considered as a simple process of transferring heat and mass, or isolation of heat transfer itself and the occurrences of evaporation and condensation for the purpose of simplifying the evaluation of the rests. Accordingly, relatively reliable must be the observations results on occurrences of evaporation and condensation in case when it is possible to isolate indicated simple processes from each other.
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