Heracleum is the widest genera of the Apiaceae family. From these genus 120 species, 25 are growing in Caucasus, while 23 are spread in Georgia, among them 5 species are endemic. According to the literature, only 1/6 of Heracleum species have been studied phytochemically. Plants of this genus contain aromatic compounds and are considered to be a very rich source of essential oils and diverse furanocoumarins. Heracleum species are well-known in folk medicine all over the world. They are used as remedies for various diseases, as food and beverages (mostly as spices). Plants from the mentioned genus possess a wide spectrum of biological activity, such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antioxidant, antidiabetic,antiviral, etc.
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