Chemical Composition and Biological Activity of Species of the Genus Heracleum


essential oils

How to Cite

Nersezashvili, M., Berashvili, D., Jokhadze, M., Gokadze, S., & Bozhadze, A. (2023). Chemical Composition and Biological Activity of Species of the Genus Heracleum. GEORGIAN SCIENTISTS, 5(2), 317–340.

Funding data


Heracleum is the widest genera of the Apiaceae family. From these genus 120 species, 25 are  growing   in Caucasus, while 23 are spread in Georgia, among them 5 species are endemic. According to the literature, only 1/6 of Heracleum species have been studied phytochemically. Plants of this genus contain aromatic compounds and are considered to be a very rich source of essential oils and diverse furanocoumarins. Heracleum species are well-known in folk medicine all over the world. They are used as remedies for various diseases, as food and beverages (mostly as spices). Plants from the mentioned genus possess a wide spectrum of biological activity, such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antioxidant, antidiabetic,antiviral, etc.


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