GINGIVAL PHENOTYPE AND FREQUENCY OF RECESSION DURING VARIOUS ANOMALIES OF OCCLUSION
Keywords:malocclusion, gingival phenotype, recession, periodontal disease
The aim of our research was to determine gingival phenotype and frequency of recession in patients with different types of malocclusion. For this purpose, 174 patients from 20 to 46 years of age were investigated. During our research of gingival phenotype in patients with malocclusion most often thin scalloped biotype was observed - 122 patients (70%), medium thickness – 47 (27,1%), rarely, thick - 4 patients (3,2%) and thick flat - 1 patient (0,6%). According to our data, among investigated patients (174), 75 (43,09%) of them had different type of recession. Whereas RT1 had 43 patients (24,71%), RT2 – 27 patients (15,51%), RT3 only 5 patients (2,87%).In conclusion, it is not rare when gingival phenotypes and recession are combined. Therefore, we should pay more attention during orthodontic treatment of the patients with periodontal disease.
Amid.R., Mirakhori M., Safi Y., Kadhodazadeh M., Namdari M. Assessment of gingival biotype and facial hard/soft tissue dimensions in the maxillary anterior teeth region using cone beam computed tomography. - Arch Oral Biol. 2017; 79: 1-6.
De Bruyckere T., Eghboli A., Younes F., De Bruyn H., Cosyn J. Horizontal stability of connective tissue grafts at the buccal aspect of single implants: a 1-years prospective case series. J Clin Periodontol-2015; 42 (9): 876-82.
Birte Melsen (Editor). Adult Orthodontics. Aarhus University, Denmark 2019: 226-311.
Ricci G. Periodontal Diagnosis and Therapy // 2015: 565-667.
Rasperini G., Acunzo R., Cannalire P., Farronato G. Influence of Periodontal Biotype on Root Surface Exposure During Orthodontic Treatment: A Preliminary Study // The international Journal of periodontics & restorative Dentistry, 2015, 35(5), 665-674.
Pernet F., Vento C., Pandis N., Killaridis S. Long-term evaluation of lower incisors gingival recessions after orthodontic treatment. -Eur J Orthod. 2019; 41(6): 569-74. PMID: 12636127