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Gongadze, N., Gabunia, L., Gvishiani, M., Makharadze, T., & Mirziashvili, M. (2018). ROLE OF ENDOTHELINE-1 IN ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION. Collection of Scientific Works of Tbilisi State Medical University, 51, 36–38. Retrieved from


Arterial hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease which is usually caused by combination of several multifactorial abnormalities, including autonomic nervous system function, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), baroreceptor reflexes, genetic factors, psychological stress, environmental and dietary factors (1). Along with abovementioned reasons some vasoactive peptides, especially endothelin-1 (E1), a substance with vasoconstrictor properties, is an important regulator of the vascular tone acting in physiological antagonism with atrial natriuretic hormone, prostacyclin and other vasodilator agents (2). The role of E- 1 in hypertension has attracted increasing interest over the past few years. It has been established that the presence of an intact endothelium is crucial for the action of several vasoactive agents (3), however less is known about endothelial function in healthy subjects, borderline hypertension or hypertensive patients (4). Studies of E-1 in established mild to severe hypertension have shown conflicting results, because the E1 levels reported in the different studies cannot be compared directly because of differences in antibody characteristics and comparatively small number of participant groups (5, 6). However, the multiple regression analyses further strengthen the link between blood pressure and endothelin levels, consistently showing that diastolic blood pressure (DBP) had the highest impact of the variables studied (4).



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