PROBLEM OF LEPTOSPIROSIS IN GEORGIA
Leptospirosis is considered one of the most common zoonotic diseases globally and now is identified as one of the emerging infectious diseases. In 2013-2015 we studied 56 hospitalized patients with leptospirosis. The research was conducted at the Center of Infectious Diseases, Aids and Clinical Immunology Center; Patients were diagnosed based on serological tests. In every case leptospira IgM was positive. Lethality is 3.5 %. Among 56 hospitalized patients with diagnose of leptospirosis, 44 (78.6 %) patients were male, 12 (21.4 %)patients were female, cases are reported among age group of 15-75. 36 patients (64.3 %) were rural residents; 20 cases (35.7 %) were urban residents. According to our study, disease is almost equally spread in rural and urban residents, delayed hospitalization is the main factor of developing severe form of leptospirosis. However, analysis of severe cases showed that onset of disease was initially severe, with developing multi organ failure, which caused lethality.
Mamuchishvili N, Kuchuloria T, Mchedlishvili I, Imnadze P, Mirzashvili D.ETHIOLOGY OF LEPTOSPIROSIS IN GEORGIA, Georgian Med News. 2015 Jul-Aug; (244-245):106-10
Epidemiology Bulletin, National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Ministry of Labour, Health And Social Affairs of Georgia, 2016/Vol.20 N2
Federico Costa, José E. Hagan, Juan Calcagno, Michael Kane, Paul Torgerson, Martha S. Martinez-Silveir, Calaudia Stein, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, Global Morbidity and Mortality of Leptospirosis, PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Sep; 9
Paul R. Torgerson, José E. Hagan, Federico Costa, Juan Calcagno, Michael Kane, Martha S. Martinez-Silveira, Marga G. A. Goris, Claudia Stein, Albert I. Ko,, Bernadette Abela-Ridder Global Burden of Leptospirosis: Estimated in Terms of Disability Adjusted Life Years. Published: October 2, 2015, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0004122
Ridalva D. M. Felzemburgh, Guilherme S. Ribeiro, Federico Costa, Renato B. Reis, José E. Hagan, Astrid X. T. O. Melendez, Deborah Fraga, Francisco S. Santana, Sharif Mohr, Balbino L. dos Santos, Adriano Q. Silva, Andréia C.