FREQUENCY, CAUSES AND MANAGEMENT OF SECONDARY, PARTIAL ADENTIA IN GEORGIAN POPULATION
Secondary adentia is the loss of the tooth after its formation and this form of adentia is very common. This article describes the causes of secondary adentia. Has been described and discussed two main reasons causing the above-mentioned statement:
- Delayed visit of patients to dentist and discontinuing of already started dental treatment.
- Unsuccessful conservative treatment.
The last-mentioned reason exceeds 3 to 4 times the first. According to our research, 33.8% of patients in 25-40 years age group had secondary adentia, among 40-55 years age group, this index is raised up to 58.7%, when as, in 55-70 years age group it reached – 75.5%. Majority of patients with secondary adentia had been treated prothodonticaly, with bridge construction. Unfortunately, the patient, who treated with implants had significantly low index. For example, among 340 patients, who had secondary adentia, 278 – were treated only with bridge construction, only implantation had been performed in 24 patients; both – bridge and implants as a solution for secondary adentia, had been presented in 38 patients. To avoid secondary adentia, patients need to take preventive measures in a timely manner. To improve the quality of treatment, it is necessary to maintain proper and regular dental hygiene and oral health. Regular examination by a dentist, early treatment of all dental problems with modern rational methods and techniques must not be neglected.
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