DENTAL TRAUMA AS A PUBLIC HEALTH PROBLEM
Print version was published: EXPERIMENTAL & CLINICAL MEDICINE N2 (2020): 32-35
Keywords:Dental trauma, epidemiology of dental trauma
Head and facial injuries are one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in developed and developing countries, which can also lead to a temporary or permanent disability. Trauma development can be caused by a variety of factors such as: car accidents, falls, various sports, violence, assaults, domestic and industrial trauma. Facial trauma can lead to scarring, which is accompanied by emotional and psychological problems. Post-traumatic stress disorder, stress syndrome, and depression are usually associated with maxillofacial trauma. Injuries to the face and jaw area play a very important role in a person's appearance. It also has many important functions, such as eating, breathing, smelling, hearing and speaking. Dental injuries are also associated with high socioeconomic values and increased hospital costs. Face and jaw injuries are a global problem, they are considered to be health care and socio-economic problem in all countries of the world. This problem affects both developed and developing countries and all age groups of the population. The etiology of facial and soft tissue damage varies between countries and also within the same country. These lesions are associated with serious clinical problems due to their anatomical location. That is why special attention should be paid to etiological factors and mechanisms of trauma. Epidemiological studies are important not only for identifying the burden of trauma, but also for resource management and planning the healthcare sector. This type of research helps us to reduce or even avoid injuries to the jaw area.
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