THE SCIENTIFIC DISCUSSION OF SPECIFICITIES OF PHARMACIST OCCUPATIONAL AND HIGHER MEDICAL-PHARMACEUTICAL EDUCATIONAL MANIFESTATION OUTLOOKS IN GEORGIA
Keywords:Pharmacist, occupation, pharmaceutical, educational, outlook, Georgia
The main objective of the study was to analyze the challenges of specificities of pharmacist occupation and higher medical-pharmaceutical educational manifestation outlooks in Georgia. The study was a quantitative investigation and analysis of the challenges of specificities of pharmacist occupation and higher medical-pharmaceutical educational outlook in Georgia, by using questionnaires. Were conducted a survey study. The in-depth interview method of the respondents was used in the study. The 7 types of approved questionnaires were used (Respondents were randomly selected): Questionnaire for manager pharmacists: 410 chief pharmacists participated in the study. Questionnaire for patients: 1506 patients (customers of drug-stores) participated in the study. Questionnaire for the employed pharmacy faculty-student: 222 employed pharmacy faculty students participated in the study. Questionnaire for health-care specialists: 307 public health specialists participated in the study. Questionnaire for pharmacist specialist, 810 pharmacist specialists participated in the study. Were used methods of systematic, sociological (surveying, questioning), comparative, mathematical-statistical, graphical analysis. The data were processed and analyzed with the SPSS program. We conducted descriptive statistics and regression analyses to detect an association between variables. Statistical analysis was done in SPSS version 11.0. A Chi-square test was applied to estimate the statistical significance and differences. We defined p<0.05 as significant for all analyses. According to the study results, the level of basic training of pharmacists should be in compliance with the contemporary requirements. It is necessary to provide a deep cooperation between pharmacists and physicians on the issues of pharmacotherapy and healthcare to ensure the patients’ health state effective improvement, and also to provide the best feedback regulation and revision in the healthcare specialists’ team work. Pharmacists also should be responsible for registration of the drugs’ side effect, as well as be attentive in case of improperness and professional defects of drugs they provide. The pharmacist should have deep knowledge in pharmacology, in pharmacotherapy, in toxicology, in pharmaceutical care, in clinical pharmacy, in pharmacokinetics, in pharmacodynamics, in basic of medicine and in other pre-clinical and clinical directions. Such knowledge can be obtained only in the higher pharmaceutical education institutions. Therefore, pharmacist working in pharmacy must have only higher pharmaceutical education.
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