RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF NEWBORNS AND PREGNANT WOMEN INFECTED WITH COVID -19 IN KUTAISI, IMERETI REGION
Keywords:SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, vertical transmission, fetal death, fetus, maternal death, newborn, postnatal infection, pregnancy
COVID -19 pandemic in the world, as well as Georgia, is progressing through waves and each subsequent wave is more damaging. Maternal-newborn death cases appeared as well. Thus, the study targeted retrospective analysis of neonatal histories of COVID-19 infected pregnant women and newborns. To achieve the goal, we included 27 pregnant women in the study (aged 20 to 45 years old) and 31 newborns (aged 0 to one month old, 18 female and 13 male) who have passed inpatient treatment from 01.08.2021 to 01.12.2021. In the COVID-clinic of the region on the basis of "Bomondi" (Kutaisi, Imereti, Georgia) the research methodology included surveying above mentioned patients, namely mothers with a specially designed questionnaire and medical history retrospective analysis. Analysis of the results revealed that majority of the pregnant women 23 (88%) got information about COVID vaccination from their doctors. COVID infection was transmitted to 11 (40%) patients. Only 4 (14%) patients were vaccinated against COVID -19. The rest were not vaccinated due to personal reasons. Out of all 27 pregnant women tested COVID positive, general condition was of moderate severity. After risk analysis 21 (79%) of patients required C-section and 6 (21%) pregnant women gave birth physiologically, without gynecological interventions. Only two of these women suffered stillbirth due to premature birth at 24-25 weeks. In all other cases the newborns were born COVID negative with timely, appropriate anthropometric parameters with COVID-19 infection these women were being treated in the section of COVID. After 7-10 days of treatment, 25 (93%) of patients were discharged home healthy, only 2 (7) ended lethally. Also, in parallel with the study of newborns histories it was confirmed that COVID infection did not cross the placental barrier and it has been found that infants become ill postnatal or from staff or patients. The solution to their covalent infection in all 31 cases was positive. Therefore Covid-19 infected mothers-newborns COVID-statistics and solutions in the Imereti region are looking positive, although their health supervision and long-term monitoring is a must.
კოვიდ-19 საქართველოში. დაავადებათა კონტროლისა და საზაოგადოებრივი ჯანმრთელობის ეროვნული ცენტრის ანგარიში. მე-7 გადახედვა. https://ncdc.ge
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