Modern challenges of differetiated teaching
Differentiation in teaching is the key factor in raising democratic human beings. Differentiation means a refinement of, but not substitute for, a curriculum and instruction. It is a way of thinking about classroom. Pupils who are the same age, in the same grade, differ in their readiness to learn, their interests, their experiences, their life circumstances and their style of learning. The central job of a differentiation is to maximise the capacity of each pupil by assigning them to suitable groups. The aim of such approach is to draw attention to diverse needs of learners. Pupils have choices about what and how to learn. It enables them to overcome all the barriers encountered in the learning process. It gives them an opportunity to enhance their achievements. Differentiation allows a teacher, along with pupils, to set learning goals and connect pupils’ experiences to their learning process. Differentiation focuses on the needs, abilities, and skills of each individual. Differentiation is based on the following:
- To live up to teachers’ and pupils’ expectations;
- To define learners’ individual needs, styles of learning and the pace at which they need to learn, and the support they need from their teachers;
- To observe how learners figure out the assigned tasks;
- To set future goals by monitoring and analyzing learners’ achievements.
Differentiation contributes to expose learners’ unique capabilities and skills, that ensures attaining the level determined by the National Curriculum. The defining factor of differentiation is how well teachers realise their pupils’ needs and consider each individual learner’s knowledge, abilities and past experiences built on collaboration with parents, peers, media and outside world on a daily basis. Teachers are sure to encourage learners by varying ways in which they learn. Thus, teachers need to possess various teaching and learning methods in order to implement differentiation successfully.
Anstee, P (2011) Differentiation Pocketbook. Teachers’ Pocketbooks.
Bartlett, J (2015) Outstanding Differentiation for Learning in the Classroom. Routledge.
Cameron, L (2004) Teaching Languages to Young Learners, Chapter 10. Cambridge University Press.
Cowley, S (2013) The Seven T’s of Practical Differentiation. CreateSpace.
Dodge, J (2006) Differentiation in Action. Teaching Strategies.
Gershon, M (2013) How to Use Differentiation in the Classroom. CreateSpace.
Tomlinson, CA (2014) The Differentiated Classroom: Responding to the needs of all
oom.aspx – an article providing ideas for different means of differentiation in the classroom.
reconcilable differences? Standards-Based Teaching and Differentiation
http://www.ascd.org/ASCD/pdf/journals/ed_lead/el199909_tomlinson.pdf – a pdf article:
Mapping a route toward differentiated instruction
Change-Toward-Differentiation.aspx – a book: Differentiated School