FREQUENCY OF CONSUMPTION OF DIFFERENT FOOD GROUPS AMONG ADULT POPULATION OF TBILISI
The goal of our study was investigation of the dietary patterns of adult population living in Tbilisi, further to contribute the prevention of chronic noncommunicable diseases and to develop the basis for future interventions. For the evaluation of the consumption of different foods we studied the product groups recommended by United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), in particular: dairy product; meat and meat products; eggs; legumes, nuts and seeds; grain products; vegetable and vegetable products; fruits and fruit juices; fats and oils; sugar and sweets. The survey was conducted among 156 respondents with age range 20-70 . “Food consumption frequency questionnaire” was used for dietary patterns assessment. The results of our study revealed, that sugars and sweets are most broadly used food in all age groups. The unhealthiest food consumption pattern is typical for 20-40 years old adults, they are broadly eating sugars and sweets, backed products from grains, as well as vegetables reach with starch. The population of this age is used to eat out of home and eating events are frequent due to snacking habit. The dietary habits of males was unhealthier than females. The conducted investigation demonstrated, that the diet of adult population living in Tbilisi and, in particular, of its young part is loaded with products which are known riskfactors of noncommunicable diseases. Based on our research outcomes development of recommendations regarding principles of healthy diet is desirable for prevention of noncommunicable diseases, especially among young adults.
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