Expansion of international relations of Ancient Rome in V-III centuries BC.
Keywords:Roman connections, Republic period, Roman politics, Roman diplomacy
The present article presents the connections of ancient Rome, which traditionally continued to develop after the end of the age of kings, especially during the period of the Republic. Conflicts with the Etruscans, trade treaties with Carthage, the Latin Union, the battle against the Vei, the Celtic invasion of northern Italy, the Gauls and its international consequences. Roman alliances in Italy and the Samnite wars, Roman intervention in the affairs of the Campania, elimination of the Gallic threat, and the struggle with Tarentum and Pyrrhus for southern Italy. The process and methods of formation of the Roman-Italian union. Nevertheless, the Rome of this period offered alliances to neighboring states, and in exceptional cases took some states under its protection. The purpose of the article is to study the international relations of ancient Rome and the evolutionary principle of research and the historical-comparative method. The relationship between Rome and Carthage in the IV-I half of the III century is presented. The causes of the conflict. The First Punic War and its international connection and consequences. Union of Carthage and Rome after the war. Allying and making provinces of Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica, allied with Cisalpine Gaul and Illyria. Roman and Carthaginian strategic connections in the period before the Second Punic War. After the fall of Capua and Syracuse, the change in the military-political relations of Rome and the connection with Carthage. The process of the Spanish conquest and connection: colonization, Romanization and the establishment of a provincial system in its territory. A number of principles have been identified from the already studied scientific literature regarding the mentioned issue, at this time Ancient Rome laid the foundation for close political and diplomatic negotiations related to the expansion of ties. The idea of "divide and conquer" was established. It is also special that ancient Rome was not guided by the same principle with any people and state, of course all such methods are clearly presented in the article.
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