For the semantics of Caucasian hunting traditions

For the semantics of Caucasian hunting traditions




myth, traditions, religious representations, owner of game, hunter, ritual semantics


The article discusses hunting traditions and explains their semantics based on mythological stories. The institution of hunting with its traditions and myth has been formed here since ancient times. Mythological-religious representations became the intellectual basis of hunting traditions and rituals, determining their structure and semantics. Hunting brought benefits not only from an economic point of view. It also helped broaden people's horizons.

 Before going hunting the hunter was obliged to observe a complex system of taboos, because hunting and communication with the Hunting deity were perceived as sacred acts. The traditions and rules related to the bone of the game indicate that along with the deity, the hunter also participated in the resurrection of the killed game. The peculiarities of hunting as a sacred act led to the emergence of a secret language of hunters.

The hunter's wife was also responsible for protecting hunting traditions. Women's participation in hunting rules is dictated by mythic content. It is assumed that not only the result of the hunt but also a successful family life depended on the behavior of the wife.

Fragments of songs of hunters' prayers and supplications remained in people's memory. It must be assumed that this is part of an ancient ritual practice that included dancing. This assumption is supported by hunting scenes depicted on bronze belts, in which people are also depicted dancing next to animals.

In hunting traditions, attention is paid to the customs related to the hunter's weapon, which preserves the rudiments of the weapon cult.


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