CHRONIC PAIN PREVALENCE AND CULTURAL INFLUENCE ON PAIN PERCEPTION AND EXPRESSION
Pain is recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an important global public health concern. Chronic and recurrent pain, viewed as diseases in their own right pose a specific healthcare burden (1). Several epidemiological studies from different countries have showed varying prevalence rates for chronic pain, ranging from 12 to 80% of the population (2). Research evidence has been accumulating on wide disparity of prevalence not only across countries, but also across patients’ population by age, gender, race and ethnicity (3,4). A large body of pain literature suggests that diverse biological, psychological and socio-cultural factors are associated with racial and ethnic disparities in pain prevalence and reporting (5-11). Elucidating factors underlying these group differences is of crucial importance for effective relief and further management and prevention strategy of pain. Yet no comprehensive prevalence studies have been conducted in Georgia on chronic pain, however several crosssectional surveys were carried out on oncological patients, mostly with advanced cancer during over a decade period.
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