The Genesis of the Armenian Question
The relocation of the Ottoman Armenians within the Ottoman Empire in May 1915 is one of the most studied events of the early 20th century. There are many reasons why the discussion has been continued for so long and why it remains of particular interest today. Perhaps the most important of these is the claim by some observers and authors that the number of deaths which occurred during the relocation reached over one million..
For detailed discussion of this issue see my: The Great War and the Forced Migration of Ottoman Armenians, 1915-1917. Athol Books, Ireland and England, 2011.
Arnold J. Toynbee, Acquaintances, Oxford University Press, New York – Toronto, 1967, s. 242.
For full article see Arthur Tremaine Chester, “Angora and The Turks”, New York Times, Current History, February 1923, s.758-764.
C. Oskanyan, The Sultan and His People, New-York. 1857. p.353-354.
For more information on the daily life of Ottoman Armenians see the Helmuth von Moltke, Türkiye’deki Durum ve Olaylar Üzerine Mektuplar (1835-1839), Trans., Hayrullah Örs, Ank., TTK, 1960, p. 25, 35, 40. See also Nejat Göyünç, “Turkish – Armenian Cultural Relations”, The Armenians in the Late Ottoman Period, ed. Türkkaya Ataöv, Ankara, 2001, pp. 23-42. For more general information see also Nejat Göyünç, Türkler ve Ermeniler, Haz. Kemal Çiçek, Ankara 2005.
Kazım Karabekir, Ermeni Dosyası, Emre Yayınları, İstanbul, 1994.
For article 61 of the Berlin Treaty see http://archive.thetablet.co.uk/article/20th-july-1878/11/the-treaty-of-berlin
Clair Price, “Mustapha Kemal and the Americans”, New York Times, Current History (October, 1922), Vol XII, s. 116-125.
Haik, 1 October 1893. No 18, p. 280 and 288. Also see: NARA T-815. Roll 7, From Mavroyeni to Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 20 October 1893.
Kemal Çiçek, “Relocation of the Ottoman Armenians in 1915: A Reassessment” Review of Armenian Studies, 22, 115-134.