The current international situation of Moldova (Relations with the EU, USA, NATO)


  • Ruslan Shevchenko Doctor of Historical Sciences. Institute for Effective Politics (Moldova)



Moldova's relations with the European Union, which began in 1994, are currently based on the Association Agreement between Moldova and the EU, signed on November 28, 2013 in Vilnius, ratified by the parliaments of all EU countries and the Parliament of Moldova (July 2, 2014), which entered into force July 1, 2016[1]. The agreement contributed to the reorientation of foreign trade and the economy of Moldova as a whole towards the European Union. By 2018, the EU accounted for 70% of all exports and 56% of Moldova's foreign trade. The EU provides Moldova with significant assistance in the areas of public administration, transport and communications, the economy and the environment.Diplomatic relations with the United States, which is the main strategic partner of Moldova, were established on February 28, 1992. Since then, the United States has provided Moldova with colossal political, diplomatic and financial support (the latter by now exceeds 1.4 billion dollars), with the help of which only some Moldovan highways were restored, but it was also possible to continue the reform of agriculture in Moldova. The United States contributed to increasing the competitiveness of Moldovan goods in European markets. In the development of democracy and the rule of law, the United States in Moldova seeks to improve the work of the judiciary, increase the professional level of judges and prosecutors, reduce corruption, strengthen the fight against international crime, in particular, trafficking in live goods and radioactive substances, information crimes. reforming the justice system, ensuring the rule of law, improving the situation in the financial and banking sector. In the field of internal affairs, the cooperation between the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Moldova and the FBI continued, the representative of which acquainted the Moldovan colleagues with international experience in combating bribery. The US Embassy in Moldova provided support for improving the functionality of the Moldovan police, raising the level of professional training of police officers in accordance with European and international standards, financed the improvement of the laboratories of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the provision of modern equipment for the Border Police, which allows them to quickly identify violators of the state border of the country. Relations between Moldova and Romania date back to the day Moldova declared its independence (August 27, 1991). Romania recognized the independence of Moldova just a few hours after this historical act for our country. On August 29, 1991, diplomatic relations were established between the countries. In January 1992, the Romanian embassy was opened in Chisinau, in March 1992, the Moldovan embassy in Bucharest.Moldovan-Ukrainian diplomatic relations were established on March 10, 1992. More than 220 interstate agreements were signed. Chief among them is the Treaty of Good Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation, signed in 1992 and entered into force in early 1997.      Russia recognized the independence of Moldova on December 18, 1991. On April 6, 1992, diplomatic relations were established between Moldova and Russia. In June and October 1992, embassies were opened - respectively in Chisinau and Moscow. Relations between Moldova and Russia are based on the treaty of friendship and cooperation between the two countries concluded in 2001 and subsequently extended, which includes the economic


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How to Cite

Ruslan Shevchenko. (2022). The current international situation of Moldova (Relations with the EU, USA, NATO). INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL "THE CAUCASUS AND THE WORLD", (24), 52–58.



International Relationships